Fascist yoke," And Alexander Lozovski, Deputy Commissar for Foreign
Affairs and Deputy Chairman of the Soviet Information Bureau, made the
following statement on July 3ist:
(* The Agreement signed in London between the Soviet and Polish
Government's shows that the fraternal Slav peoples are uniting more and
more closely in the fight against Hitlerism, which bears on its banner the
slogan of the extermination of the Slav people.
" The peoples of the Soviet Union could not be indifferent to the fate of
the Polish people, because fraternal ties had always bound the peoples of
Russia and Poland, who, in the course of a century, jointly fought for their
liberation from Tsarist autocracy.
"... The Agreement constitutes first of all an expression of the will of
the peoples of Russia and Poland jointly to bring the struggle against
barbaric Hitlerism to a victorious end. By this Agreement the Soviet Union
has openly stated before the whole world that it stands for the creation of a
free and independent Poland, and that it will fight, arms in hand, for the
freedom of Poland, for Poland to win her independence, and for the Polish
people to free themselves from the bloody regime of Fascist rulers. No
doubt, all freedom-loving people will enthusiastically acclaim the Agreement
as a pledge of the national liberation and the independence of the Polish
Lozovski's statement, was, generally speaking, the beginning of a new
line in the Moscow propaganda—the line of6 Panslavism' which included
the Polish Nation, since they were also to come under the banner of
" fraternal Slav people," a banner flaunted by the Moscow Government.
When Sikorski signed the Treaty he had not contemplated such a con-
tingency arising and it soon became obvious that a clash would result—
and it did, immediately. In a lengthy broadcast to his homeland Sikorski
explained the Agreement which he had just completed and presented it in
the light of a triumph of a righteous cause.
'* In the Treaty of the Third Partition of 1795," he said," the two Powers,
Germany and Russia, vowed that Poland and the Polish name were to dis-
appear for ever. A similar agreement for the annihilation of Poland * for
ever ' was concluded in September, 1939. That first treaty was cancelled
by the judgment of history. This new treaty did not last a couple of years.
Such documents are only scraps of paper in the face of the vitality and
•dynamism of our nation.
" The present Agreement only provisionally regulates disputes which have
.mutually divided us for centuries. But it does not permit even of the
suggestion that the 1939 frontiers of the Polish State would ever be in
question. It does not allow of any idea that Poland has resigned anything.
It restores normal conditions between the two States and recognises equal
reciprocity of assistance. It permits us to form Polish military units from
the Polish prisoners-of-war who have been hitherto languishing in Russia
and yearning to fight for Poland; it accepts a representative of the Polish
Commander-in-Chief in the Russian supreme command, thus giving us the
possibility of influencing the course of operations on a world scale. ^ It
restores to freedom all Polish citizens in restraint for any pretest on Russian
territory, and allows our representative in Moscow to come to the aid of the
hundreds of thousands of exiles now suffering throughout the enormous
expanses of Russia.
** So, when to-day Russia enters on the road of reconciliation with Poland,
-and desires a common action against the common enemy, we set about this